Predictive maintenance is a modern approach to equipment maintenance that aims to predict potential failures and prevent them before they occur. In the oil and gas industry, the importance of maintenance cannot be ignored, as equipment downtime can result in significant financial losses and a decrease in production, as well as a safety risk.
For example, one of the most relevant equipment for upstream oil and gas industries during the product extraction phase is the Christmas Tree, which is largely responsible for controlling productivity and safety in the operation. In other words, a failure that impairs its operation can represent inestimable economic, social, and environmental consequences.
Thinking about these very important equipment for the operation, such as Christmas Trees, predictive maintenance can bring significant benefits to the oil and gas industry, optimizing even more its results.
What is a Christmas Tree and its functions
A Christmas tree is a critical component in the oil and gas industry and refers to a combination of valves, spools, and fittings used to control the flow of oil or gas from a wellhead. In this context, predictive maintenance can bring significant benefits to the oil and gas industry by optimizing the maintenance and operations of Christmas tree equipment.
From its use, it is possible to direct the flow of oil or gas to different transportation lines, monitor the extraction pressure, regulate the flow, and isolate the well if necessary. In other words, besides being important for productivity, it also ensures the safety of the operation, the environment, and the workers.
Benefits of Predictive Maintenance for Christmas Tree Equipment
1. Increased Equipment Reliability and Uptime
Predictive maintenance can help improve the reliability of Christmas tree equipment and increase its uptime by predicting potential failures and taking preventative measures to avoid them. The ability to predict and prevent equipment failures can help to minimize unplanned downtime and increase overall production, resulting in higher revenue and safety for the company.
2. Reduced Maintenance Costs
Predictive maintenance can also help reduce maintenance costs by identifying and solving problems before they become larger and more expensive.
Unplanned maintenance can be costly and time-consuming, but with predictive maintenance, companies can avoid these overspends by performing procedures only when necessary, based on constant monitoring of the data generated in the operation.
3. Improved Safety
Finally, this process can also improve the safety of Christmas tree equipment, which consequently means increasing the overall safety of workers and the environment. By constantly monitoring key production parameters such as temperature and pressure, and developing predictive models that can foresee possible failures, it is possible to take early corrective action and reduce the risk of overall accidents.
Dealing with the correct operation of this equipment is essential to prevent any failures that would create safety risks, such as gas leaks and fires.
Case Study: Example of Predictive Maintenance in the Oil and Gas Industry
The benefits of predictive maintenance are clear when it comes to critical equipment for the Oil & Gas operation, like Christmas Trees, but they are not the only ones.
The application in several critical equipment of the operation also demonstrate the value generated by failure prediction, such as drilling rigs, pumps, BOPs and Iron Roughnecks.
Taking the latter as an example, it is even possible to reduce by 45% the total unplanned downtime of this equipment, achieving savings of 30% of operating costs through the use of predictive maintenance. Click on the button below to learn more about it!