The C02 emission into the atmosphere, even with the constant efforts for a net zero future, remains quite problematic. In 2019, the three sectors that emitted the most gas worldwide were Electricity and heat producers, Transport, and Industry, reaching values of approximately 14068 Mt, 8222 Mt and 6254 Mt according to the International Energy Agency.
In this scenario, seeking greater control of the operation within these sectors, digital transformation appears as essential to monitor the emission of gases into the atmosphere and increase the efficiency of processes, allowing a gradual decarbonization of the industry in general and a sustainable growth.
The search for industry decarbonization
First of all, the presented statistics already show the great need to reduce CO2 emissions in the atmosphere. Because of them, several global movements have emerged over the years in search of industry decarbonization, such as the former Kyoto Pact, the Paris Agreement, the ESG concepts, and even the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
In addition, other objectives may come into focus when we talk about the pursuit of industrial decarbonization, for example:
- Need for greater stakeholder support;
- Cleaner processes with renewable energy implementation;
- Better control of the entire operation.
In the first case, industries that are proving to be increasingly sustainable are also gaining more support from shareholders and company workers, as they become more attractive to receive investments and demonstrate environmental and social responsibility in their actions. For example, those that are adapting their operations and betting on energy transition are ahead in this aspect and considerably reducing the emission of pollutant gases into the atmosphere.
Finally, in this whole process for a more sustainable industry growth, a greater control of the operation is also pursued. This control, besides allowing to evaluate and understand the CO2 emissions of industrial processes, enables an improvement in efficiency and can be done, as previously mentioned, through digital transformation.
By understanding why the search for the decarbonization of the industry is necessary, we can now understand the role of digitalization in this scenario!
How technologies can support the operation’s decarbonization
Several technologies are currently essential for greater efficiency in industry. In the quest for process decarbonization, some stand out, such as Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Internet of Things.
All of them, if combined, besides allowing the better monitoring of the operation that was commented before, provide one of the greatest benefits possible in this case: a solid database.
In the challenge of decarbonizing the operation, fully understanding the industrial process, how it is working, its efficiency and the results obtained is essential to achieve the net-zero future. The data generated allows decision makers to act more assertively and create a data driven environment in industry.
And in the cases described, specifically for the energy transition and CO2 emission reduction scenarios, there are technologies that can generate valuable data such as the amount of gases released by a specific equipment or even show the efficiency of renewable energy generation in order to establish a better resulting process.
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